Nepalese stories of freedom
The last king of Nepal, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, reigned for a short time as a child in 1950-1951. Then there was a long break and his brother was on the throne. On June 1, 2001, Crown Prince Dipendra shot everyone present at a traditional dinner dedicated to the meeting of the entire royal family, and then shot himself. At the same time, King Birendra and almost all members of the family died.
After the tragedy in 2001, Gyanendra ascended the throne again. There was a civil war in Nepal and numerous Maoist uprisings. The situation in the country was
unstable. The tragedy gave rise to a huge number of opinions and versions. King Gyanendra from the first day of his reign felt distrust of the population. Trying to stabilize the situation, the king resorted to a number of unpopular measures, including the banning of political parties and the dissolution of the government, interspersing active military action against the Maoists with negotiations. Meanwhile, the Maoists began to control a significant part of the territory of Nepal, although government forces firmly held the Kathmandu Valley, the vicinity of Pohara, the most populated part of the Terai and areas of the main tourist routes in the vicinity of Everest and Annapurna.
There were armed patrols all over Nepal’s roads trying to identify the Maoists. At times, the Maoists managed to paralyze the movement, and the government used aircraft for aerial bombing. From time to time, terrorist attacks were used. Although the Maoists have declared their neutrality towards foreigners, and that they provide protection for tourists trapped in controlled regions, tourism in Nepal has dropped significantly. And there are cases when tourists got into incidents or were subjected to shelling, which is why many countries began to recommend their citizens not to visit Nepal.
Leading parties entered into an alliance with the Maoists, and on July 11, Nepal’s parliament deprived the king of the right to veto laws and bills. A month earlier, the deputies unanimously took away the post of supreme commander of the army from the king, deprived him of immunity (from now on it can be brought to justice), and also obliged him to pay taxes. In addition, the deputies decided from now on to consider Nepal – the only completely Hindu kingdom in the world – a “secular state”, thus taking away the title of Vishnu incarnation from Gyanendra. A coalition government was formed.
On December 28, 2007, Nepal was declared a Democratic Federal Republic by the Provisional Parliament. On May 28, during a meeting of the elected assembly, a final vote was held to abolish the monarchy in Nepal. The days of May 28-30 are declared official holidays to commemorate the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the republic.