The history of the “warlike race” – the Gurkha
Gurkhas (Gurkhas) – British colonial troops recruited from Nepalese volunteers. They appeared in 1816. The Gurkhas took part in the suppression of anti-colonial uprisings in India (Sikhs and Sipays) and in Afghanistan (1848). The Gurkhas also fought in the First World War against the enemies of Great Britain in the Middle East and France. During the Second World War, the Gurkhas fought in Africa, Southeast Asia and Italy. The divisions of the Gurkhas are named after the eponymous people inhabiting modern Nepal and making up one of its 25 districts. The Gurkha people took the name of the Hindu warrior-saint Guru Goraknath, who lived in the 18th century, and comes from settlers from Rajasthan (northern India), and consisted of Rajputs (the Thakuri and Chetri castes) and Brahmins (that is, the caste of warriors and priests).
In the British colonial classification, the Gurkhas were classified as the so-called “warlike races”, which are distinguished by aggressiveness in battle, courage, loyalty, self-sufficiency, physical strength, and the ability to work hard for a long time.
In 1769, the Gurkha dynasty seized control of the territory of modern Nepal. In 1814-1816 the British-Gurkha War took place, in which the Gurkhas fiercely resisted the troops of the British East India Company; as a result of this war, Nepal made a number of territorial concessions, in return for which the Company undertook to pay him 200 thousand rupees annually. The British were unable to turn this country into their protectorate and were very impressed by the actions of the Gurkha soldiers. In 1815, the recruitment of Gurkha volunteers into the ranks of the British colonial army began. After the British left India, the Gurkhas continue to serve in the Armed Forces of India and Great Britain. Under modern law, the Gurkhas are not considered mercenaries, as they are fully integrated into the British military system and serve on the same grounds as the British military. Similar rules apply to Gurkhas in the service of India.
The Gurkhas belong to a wide variety of Nepalese ethnic groups. Everyone speaks Nepali – the language of the Indo-Aryan group. The battle cry of the Gurkhas “Jai Mahakali, Ayo Gorkhali” is translated as “Glory to the Goddess of War, the Gurkhas are coming!” The traditional weapons of the Gurkhas are kukri combat knives.